VETERINARY COLLEGE AND RESEARCH INSTITUTE, NAMAKKAL

TEACHING VETERINARY CLINICAL COMPLEX

Genesis

The Veterinary College Teaching Hospital, Namakkal which was erstwhile functioning as a Veterinary Hospital, under the Directorate of Animal Husbandry, Government of Tamil Nadu was taken over by the Veterinary College and Research Institute, Namakkal to impart training to the Veterinary Graduates of this Institution in the year 1989. Realizing the need to provide better and effective service to the livestock and pets of this region and to give hands on training to the Veterinary Graduates and field veterinarians, a separate Department of Clinics was established in the year 1994. As per the revised veterinary council of India syllabus, the name of the veterinary hospital has been changed as Teaching Veterinary Clinical Complex (TVCC) from 2012. This Department of Clinics presently functioning in Veterinary Hospital Campus at Trichy Road has specialized units viz., Small Animal Medicine, Small Animal Surgery, Small animal Gynaecology, Large Animal Surgery, Artificial Insemination, Large Animal Gynaecology and Large Animal Obstetrics for effective teaching and to bestow better service to the public and rural farmers.

Buildings

Gradually permanent structures were built to accommodate Clinical laboratory, Casualty unit, Large animal inpatient unit with owners rest room, Small animal Operation theatre with modern facilities, Referral clinics for small and large animals, Students lecture hall equipped with audio visual aids, De-torsion pit for the correction of uterine torsion in cattle and buffaloes, Deep bore well with over head tank with the capacity of 20,000 liters to provide perennial water supply and Large animal operation theatre with shadow less lamps & hydraulic operation table.

Various Units of TVCC

Obstetrics and Gynaecology Unit

  • Common cases in farm animals treated in this unit are dystocia, uterine torsion, uterine prolapse, endometritis, metritis, under developed genitalia, repeat breeders, retained fetal membranes etc.
  • This is a known referral unit for more than 12 districts for obstetrical cases like dystocia, uterine torsion and prolapse of genital organs.
  • De-torsion pit available in this unit routinely utilized for relieving the uterine torsion by Schaffer's method.
Large Animal Out-patient Unit - OG
AI Unit
Detorsion Pit

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Surgery Unit

  • Common cases in farm animals treated at this unit are ruminal impaction, traumatic pericarditis, traumatic reticuloperitonitis, abomasal impaction, diaphragmatic hernia, intussusception, caecal dilatation, squamous cell carcinoma of eye and horn, equine castration, fractures and congenital disorders etc.
  • This unit is having a separate large animal operation theatre with air conditioned facility was established in the year 2005.
  • Various abdominal surgeries in farm ans pet animals are now being carried out with isoflurane gaseous anaesthesia and thoracic surgeries with ventilator.
  • Well equipped small animal operation is available for pet animal surgeries.
Large Animal Operation Theatre
Inside view of large animal operation theatre with hydraulic operation table

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Clinical Medicine Unit

  • Common cases treated in Medicine units are Simple Indigestion, Vagal Indigestion, TRP, Traumatic pericarditis, Ruminal acidosis, Broncho pneumonia, Mastitis, Ruminal impaction, Urea Poisoning, Enteritis, Joint ill, Theileriosis, FMD, Anaplasmosis, Abomasal ulcers, Downer cow syndrome, etc

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Referral Unit

  • The Veterinary College Hospital of Veterinary College and Research Institute, Namakkal, Tamil Nadu serves as the regional referral centre for more than 18 districts of the state for large and small animal clinical sciences in this region and the reputation was built up on the untiring committed work of the dedicated staff.
Large animal Out-patient Unit - Medicine
Referral Unit

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In-patient unit with owners' rest room

Large animal Inpatient owner's rest room is functioning in this hospital since 2000. On an average of 10-12 inpatient cases are being maintained per day. The in-patient animal owners are being provided with rest room which is a unique facility available in this hospital.

Equipments

  • Ultra sound facility is available in the Obstetrics and gynaecology unit for diagnosing early pregnancy, various infertility problems in small and large animals and to study follicular dynamics in bovines.
Transrectal /Transabdominal Ultrasound
Pregnancy diagnosis with Transrectal Ultrasound
  • Various estrus synchronization procedures like Co-Synch, Ov-Sych, Pre-Synch, Heat-Synch were standardized and routinely followed to augment fertility in rural bovines.
  • Evaluation of breeding bulls for breeding soundness with SC test and rear leg conformation etc was standardized.
  • The Obstetrics and gynaecology unit is not only handling U.G. and P.G. Education but also provides clinical training to overseas students from U.S.A (Michigan state university, Virginia state) and Bangladesh.
  • Accurate estrus detection with estrus detector and timed AI were standardized and followed in this hospital.
  • The surgery unit standardized the diagnosis and surgical management for Intussusception, caecal dilatation, abomasal impaction and displacement and diaphragmatic hernia in cattle and buffaloes. Further gaseous anaesthetic protocols were standardized for various farm animal surgeries with isoflurane.
  • A separate radiology building approved by BABA Atomic Research Institute was established for the first time in India at a cost of Rs.12 lakhs. It comprises of Reception, Radiologist room, 500 mAs stationary X ray machine, X ray library and air conditioned dark room and all x ray accessories.
Oestrus Detector
Large animal gaseous anaesthetic machine with ventilator
Radiology Unit
  • Established referral unit with Electrocardiography, Defibrillator, Ultrasound, Colour flow Doppler and Endoscope facilities for large animals
  • Doppler ultrasound facility is available for diagnosing pericarditis and other cardiac ailments in small and large animals.
  • Abdominal ultrasonographic techniques for diagnosing reticular and hepatic diseases were standardized and routinely followed.
  • Electrocardiography with base apex lead system is standardized and routinely followed to diagnose various cardiac ailments in large and small animals.
  • Tracheobronchoscoppic techniques for diagnosing respiratory diseases in large animals were standardized and followed.
  • Standardized oesophagoscopic technique in diagnose and relieve choke in bovines.
  • Equipped mastitis lab to diagnose sub-clinical mastitis is available in this hospital.
  • The collapsible chute is utilized to restrain the animals for the clinical examination and application of special diagnostic techniques viz., endoscopy and Ultrasonography
Endoscopy
Diagnostic Ultrasound
Critical Care Ventilator and Vital Signs monitor in the ECC unit
Chutes for Clinical Examination
  • 12 lead ECG is used to diagnose changes in the heart rate and rhythm. The accuracy is more than the conventional ECG
  • Weighing balance for large animals is used to weigh the body weight of the large animals upto 1000 kg. It is a unique facility present in this hospital, so that UG students can know the actual weight of the animal for calculating the dose of drugs and also they can compare the formula derived weight with actual in each animal.
  • Ultrasound dental scaler is highly useful for removing the dental tartar and plaques in pet animals
  • Hind quarter elevator is useful to handle obstetrical cases, cervico-vaginal prolapse, uterine prolapse etc.

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Cases Treated

On an average 40 to 50 cattle and buffaloes, small ruminants and around 30-40 small animals are being treated in this hospital every day. In Large animals around 10 major surgeries and 15 minor surgeries are performed per month. Around 15 major surgeries and 20 minor surgeries in small animals are done every month. An average of 12-15 artificial inseminations is done per day. Obstetrical emergencies especially dystocia, uterine torsion and Prolapse of the uterus and cervix are attended to at all hours. To cater the needs of the rural mass, a 24 hour casualty service is started from 2010. A few wild animals like Malabar squirrel, Scaly Ant eater and Indian Rock Python, Spotted deer and Barking deer belonging to the forest department have been successfully treated here. A few temple elephants were also referred to this hospital and were successfully treated for various ailments.

Year Clinical Cases Treated Total AI done Revenue Generated (Rs.)
Bovine Cannine Sheep &
Goats
Horse Others Cow Buffalo Goat
93-94
4143
2294
2191

 -

405
8937
512
242
-
--
94-95
5505
3002
2515
-
310
11382
856
548
-
--
95-96
4755
2848
2649
-
241
10473
1032
867
-
--
96-97
4082
3086
2430
-
319
9917
1874
1730
-
--
97-98
5912
3851
3216
-
407
13386
1998
1752
-
810.00
98-99
5757
4074
2281
-
327
12439
2112
1850
-
4767.00
99-00
4986
3962
2782
-
405
12135
2043
1814
-
65629.00
00-01
4856
4065
2916
-
425
12262
2150
1912
-
92097.00
01-02
4573
4185
2056
-
303
11117
1146
1086
-
140707.00
02-03
5738
3492
2574
-
259
12063
1156
1057
-
171860.00
03-04
5888
3705
27421
-
251
12586
1286
1203
-
194295.00
04-05
5380
3736
2903
-
318
12337
1265
948
-
215305.00
05-06
5660
3590
2152
-
224
11626
944
1265
-
216052.00
06-07
5436
3884
1895
-
201
11416
1581
982
-
210692.00
07-08
5156
4432
1270
-
367
11225
1282
354
-
292249.00
08-09
5450
5395
2221
-
248
13314
1118
309
-
352714.00
09-10
7221
6000
1970
-
448
15639
1307
788
141
420956.00
10-11
5963
9415
2042
-
545
17965
1501
897
110
617830.00
11-12
9080
8983
2579
252
370
21264
1213
739
93
781880.00

Faculty

Dr. M.Selvaraju, Professor and Head | mselvaraju1969@yahoo.co.in | Mobile: 9443008610 | Phone : 04286 – 220 650
Dr. A.Kumaresan, Assistant Professor | kumaresandr@rediffmail.com | Mobile: 09443206289 | Phone: 04286 – 220 650
Dr. K.Ravikumar, Assistant Professor | k.ravikumar@tanuvas.org.in| Mobile: 09443223335 | Phone: 04286 220650
Dr. G.Senthil Kumar, Assistant Professor | gskmvsc@gmail.com | Mobile: 09444327002 | Phone: 04286 220650
Dr. S.Sivaraman, Assistant Professor | smavanthi@gmail.com | Mobile : 9626045711