Establishment and Development of the Centre
This Centre was established under the 'Scheme for Control of Abortion in Cattle' in the Department of Animal Husbandry, Agricultural College and Research Institute, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore on 18.10.1982. The Tamil Nadu Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, (TANUVAS) was founded on 20.09.1989 as the first Veterinary and Animal Sciences University in India. Subsequently, University Training and Research Centre, Coimbatore was renamed as Veterinary University Training and Research Centre, Coimbatore from 08.04.1999.
The Veterinary University Training and Research Centre is functioning at No.63, Kalapatti Pirivu, Saravanamapatty Post, Coimbatore-641 035 on the Sathyamangalam Main Road about 9 Km from Gandhipuram.
Objectives of the Centre
- To impart training on the felt needs of the end users, practicing farmers and officers of the line departments.
- To act as a two way channel between the University and the farmers to identify the field based livestock and poultry problems and also to pass on the remedial measures.
- To conduct on-farm trials on the latest research findings of the University and field oriented problems specific to the area.
- To ensure an immediate and proper diagnosis of disease in the event of an outbreak with special emphasis on disease reporting system.
- To motivate and encourage local farmers in establishing livestock and poultry farms for self-employment.
- To collaborate with Central and State sponsored rural development Programmes.
- To develop and maintain data base on livestock and poultry in the area.
- To carry out short-term need based location specific projects.
Services Offered by the Centre
- Conduct of on-campus and off-campus training programmes on various aspects of livestock and poultry farming to the practicing farmers, women self help groups, landless labourers, rural poor, unemployed youth, economically weaker sections and entrepreneurs. The various programmes offered are:
- Scientific dairy farming
- Goat and sheep rearing
- Rabbit rearing
- Desi chicken rearing
- Pig farming
- Japanese quail and turkey farming
- Hygienic slaughter and dressing of sheep, goats and chicken
- Preparation, packaging and marketing of value-added milk and meat products
- Establishment of retail meat units.
- Advisory services on livestock and poultry farming – in person, by post, through telephone, touch screen, E-mail etc.
- Farm visits at initial stages of establishment and during disease outbreaks.
- Conduct of post-mortem and collection of clinical materials for investigation.
- Screening of samples at the laboratory and dispatch of samples to the Central University Laboratory, TANUVAS, Chennai and suggesting suitable remedial measures.
- Sending Farm Radio Bulletins to the All India Radio, Coimbatore on training programmes, disease forecasts and managemental practices.
- Transfer of modern scientific technologies and package of practices on livestock and poultry farming to the farmers.
- Participating in the animal health camps, mass contact programmes, infertility camps and N.S.S. Camps organized by the line departments, non-governmental organizations and other educational institutions in the district.
- Documentation of success stories of the farmers.
- Organizing farmers meet, forums etc. and conducting exhibitions on livestock and poultry farming.
- Sale of University publications
- Subscription to Kalnadai Kathir Journal
- Sale of TANUVAS Mineral Mixture and fodder seeds
- Sale of B.V.Sc., B.F.Sc., and B.Tech. applications
- Motivation of farmers to attend Seminars, Workshops etc. organized by other units of TANUVAS.
- Coordination with Distance Education Cell – Self Employment Training Programmes
- Coordination with Distance Education Cell – Farm Stay Programmes
- Coordination with Education Cell – B.V.Sc., Internship Programme
- Coordination with other University Schemes- Collection of field samples, specimens etc.
- Experimental Blue Tongue vaccination in the district.
- Experimental PPR vaccination in the district.
- Establishment of model fodder plots.
- Sale of fodder seeds.
- Feeding of Azolla in dairy cows and rabbits.
- Enrichment of paddy straw with urea
- Importance of minerals in the feed of dairy cattle (TANUVAS mineral mixture)
- Use of milking machines and chaff cutters in the dairy farms
- Electrical stunning of sheep - Fabrication of an electrical stunner – demonstration of humane slaughter of sheep
- Construction of a model slaughter facility at Thalavadi Village - plan and details were provided
- Construction of model retail meat shops in the premises of Coimbatore corporation cattle slaughterhouse – details provided to the corporation Veterinary Officer, Coimbatore.
- Preparation of value-added meat products- cutlets, chicken pickles, croquettes etc.
- Preparation of value-added milk products – Training programmes on 'Milk and Milk Products' – paneer, khoa, gulabjammon etc.
- Hygienic slaughter and dressing of chicken – retail women butchers (SHGs) in the Corporation limit, to the butchers in the retail chicken processing units.
- The following diseases were diagnosed during the investigations made:
- Ranikhet disease, IB, Coccidiosis, Salmonellosis, HPS and Mycoplasmosis in chicken.
- Intestinal Coccidiosis in turkeys and Ranikhet disease in Japanese quails.
- Hepatic Coccidiosis in rabbits.
- Blue Tongue, PPR, Coccidiosis, Pox, Enterotoxaemia, ORF and Fascioliasis in sheep and goats.
- Foot and Mouth Disease, Leptospirosis, Staphylococcal and E.Coli metritis, Aflatoxicosis, BHC poisoning and Tuberculosis in dairy animals.
- Leptospirosis in dogs
- Brucellosis in pigs
- Tuberculosis in elephants
Research Project Completed
The Centre implemented the NADP Project – II entitled 'Genetic Upgradation of Cattle and Buffaloes in Tamilnadu: Adoption of Oestrus Synchronization Technique to Improve Productive and Reproductive Potential' in the Coimbatore district. A total number of 950 dairy animals were allotted for Coimbatore district in the Project. A total number of 98 camps were conducted. Out of the 2,458 animals screened, 950 animals were selected. TANUVAS Mineral Mixture and Fenbendazole boli were administered to the animals and CIDR was inserted to a total number of 950 animals and artificial insemination was done to all the animals. Out of the 950 animals verified, 469 animals (75.64%) were pregnant first heat, 127 animals (38.48%) were pregnant next heat and a total of 596 animals (62.73%) were pregnant out of the 950 animals selected for the Project.
Research Project in Progress
A Part II Scheme entitled 'Entrepreneurship Development Programmes on Hygienic Meat Production and Value-addition to the Women SHG and Entrepreneurs for Their Livelihood' was sanctioned by the Government of Tamil Nadu to the Veterinary University Training and Research Centre, Coimbatore at a total cost of Rs.12.12 Lakhs for the year 2011-2012.
- Thirteen training programmes on 'Hygienic Meat Production and Value-addition' were conducted each of 2 days duration
- A total number of 260 women SHG members, meat handlers from retail outlets, planning and marketing executives from M/s Suguna Poultry Farms Limited, Coimbatore, school children and entrepreneurs.
Dr. K. Sivakumar, Associate Professor and Head
Dr. R. Arumugam, Associate Professor
Dr. S. Krishnakumar, Assistant Professor