MADRAS VETERINARY COLLEGE

DEPARTMENT OF ANIMAL REPRODUCTION, GYNAECOLOGY AND OBSTETRICS

Genesis and Objectives

This department was created in the year 1958. In 1960, postgraduate degree course was introduced. In 1979, doctoral programme was started and since then M.V.Sc., and Ph.D., degrees have been awarded. Augmentation of fertility and fecundity, andrology, clincal research in small and large animals and assisted reproductive technologies are the main thrust areas of research.

Units

Clinical

  • Large Animal Gynaecology unit
  • Large Animal Obstetrics unit
  • Large Animal Artificial Insemination unit
  • Small Animal Obstetrics and Gynaecology unit
  • Small Animal Referral Unit
  • Small Animal Operation Theatre

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Research Laboratories

  • Assisted Reproductive Technology laboratory
  • Endocrinology laboratory
  • Andrology laboratory

In addition, there is a separate operation theatre to perform reproductive surgeries in both large and small animals. The staff members of this department attend to under graduate and post graduate teaching, clinical and post graduate research and treatment of sick animals.

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Education

Under the new VCI semester pattern, three theory courses for the under graduates and six theory and two clinical training courses for M.V.Sc., and five theory and two clinical training courses for Ph.D., are being offered. Facilities such as phantom box, palpation box, a small museum, under graduate laboratory and a fully air-conditioned lecture hall with audio visual aids are being employed for the purpose of teaching.

Under Graduate

  • VOG 411 Veterinary Gynaecology 2+1
  • VOG 421 Veterinary Obstetrics 1+1
  • VOG 511 Veterinary Andrology and Reproductive Techniques 1+1

Post Graduate

  • VOG 601 General gynaecology 3+1
  • VOG 602 Female Infertility 3+1
  • VOG 603 Veterinary Obstetrics 2+2
  • VOG 604 Andrology and Male Infertility 3+1
  • VOG 605 Semen Preservation and Artificial Insemination 2+1
  • VOG 606 Reproductive Biotechnology 2+1
  • VOG 607 Clinical Practice – I 0+3
  • VOG 608 Clinical Practice – II 0+3
  • VOG 691 Master's Seminar 1+0
  • VOG 699 Master's Research 20

Ph.D.

  • VOG 801 Advances in Gynaecology 2+1
  • VOG 802 Advances in Obstetrics 2+1
  • VOG 803 Advances in Andrology 2+1
  • VOG 804 Advances in Reproductive Biotechnology 1+1
  • VOG 805 Advances in Semen Preservation 1+1
  • VOG 806 Clinical Practice – I 0+3
  • VOG 807 Clinical Practice – II 0+3
  • VOG 890 Special Problem 0+2
  • VOG 891 Doctoral Seminar - I 1+0
  • VOG 892 Doctoral Seminar - II 1+0
  • VOG 899 Doctoral Research 45

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Research

Thrust areas of research at both Masters and doctoral level are focussed towards recent trends in the management of Pre, Peri, and Post partum reproductive problems, controlled breeding, and embryo transfer in bovines. In the area of assisted reproductive technology, In vitro fertilization, Ultra sound guided trans-vaginal follicular aspiration, somatic cell nuclear transfer and embryo sexing are being done. In pet animals, optimum-breeding time, artificial insemination, medical termination of pregnancy and treatment of uterine diseases are the areas of priority.

Projects Operated

S.No Name of the Project Funding  Agency Duration Funds obtained
(Rs. in  Lakhs)
i
Technology transfer on 100% upgradation of breedable cattle and buffaloes Indian Bank
1 year
0.77
ii
Production of superior male calves through embryo transfer technology NATP
3 years
32.45
iii
Strengthening of embryo transfer laboratory
TNLDA
1 year
10.00
iv
Self Financing revolving fund scheme for “Establishment of Canine AI unit” TANUVAS Self Financing
2.00
v
Baseline studies for assessing the present status of Animal Husbandry sector before implementation of TNIAMWARM Project. TNLDA
1 year
10.00
vi
Genetic upgradation of cattle and buffaloes in Tamilnadu: Adoption of oestrus synchronization technique to improve productive and reproductive potential. NADP  Phase I
1 year
200.00
vii
Genetic upgradation of cattle and buffaloes in Tamilnadu: Adoption of oestrus synchronization technique to improve productive and reproductive potential. NADP  Phase II
1 year
50.00
viii
Enhancement of Fertility in cows through oestrus synchronization NADP 
1 year
42.00
26.01
86.00
ix
NPCCB Implementation of Open Nucleus Breeding System through Multiple Ovulation and Embryo Transfer- Initiation of ET programme at DLF, Hosur. TNLDA
1 year
21.00

Infrastructural Facilities

Equipment

  • CO2 incubator
  • Laminar Air flow
  • Refrigerated centrifuge
  • Binocular microscopes
  • Stereo Zoom microscopes
  • Phase contrast microscope
  • Micromanipulator
  • Osmometer
  • Elisa Reader
  • Gamma counter
  • pH Meter
  • Milli-Q water purification system
  • Magnetic stirrer with hot plate
  • Incubator
  • Electronic weighing balance
  • Embryo freezer
  • Vaginoscope
  • Ultrasound scanner

Seminar Hall

This department has two fully air-conditioned seminar halls, both equipped with audio visual aids. One hall is used to conduct undergraduate and postgraduate practical lectures and the other for trainees.

 

 

 

Museum

A small museum with collection of both normal and abnormal reproductive organs and fetus specimens obtained from slaughterhouse and from interesting clinical cases handled in the hospital are available for the purpose of undergraduate and post graduate teaching.

 

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Salient Achievements

S.No ACHIEVEMENTS
1
This department produced the first non-surgical embryo transfer calf in TANUVAS.
2
 Cent per cent upgradation of cattle by controlled breeding was achieved in Kuthambakkam, an adopted village - Indian Bank sponsored project. Conception rate of 76% in cows and 66% in buffaloes was achieved.
3
Cervicotomy - Trachelorraphy a new technique to treat irreducible uterine prolapse in buffaloes was developed.
4
A new technique of surgical repair for uterine rupture in buffalo was developed.
5
A portable rear quarter elevator - A device for veterinary obstetrical practice was designed and effectively used in large animal obstetrics unit.
6
Under NATP Scheme – Production of superior male calves through embryo transfer technology. A total of 174 transferrable embryos were recovered from 48 flushings with an average yield of 5.2 embryos/flushing.  
7
Under NADP Scheme - Genetic upgradation of cattle and buffaloes in Tamilnadu: Adoption of oestrus synchronization technique to improve productive and reproductive potential. A pregnancy rate of 60% was achieved in mostly anoestrus and repeat breeding cows and buffaloes.

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Faculty

Dr. K. Kulasekar, Professor and Head | kannankulsekar@hotmail.com| Mobile: +91-94448 33077
Dr. S. Baegan, Professor | Susila1965@hotmail.com| +91-94444 44333
Dr. Cecilia Joseph, Professor | drceciliajoseph@yahoo.com| Mobile: +91-94449 53394
Dr. S. Balasubramanian, Professor | bala2716@yahoo.com| Mobile: +91-98402 56126
Dr. K. Krishnakumar, Professor | k.krishnakumar@tanuvas.org.in| Mobile: +91-94432 20975
Dr. T. Sathiamoorthy, Associate Professor | sathiaog@yahoo.com| Mobile: +91-98414 68829
Dr. N. Arunmozhi, Assistant Professor | drarunmozhivet@gmail.com| Mobile: +91-98401 93256